Restrictions for 14-16 yrs old = daylight hrs only, 8 knots
RST permits you to drive all recreational vessels
When underway = keep all parts of body within the hull
If over 10 yrs old, max engine size before RST is needed ? > 6 HP
You can drive a boat without RST … if it is under 6hp
Max speed < 15m of another vessel underway < 8knots < 50m from moored vessel, person in water, jetty, wharf, river bank < 8kn
Max speed < 3 metres deep water < 8 knots
Boats allowed on a mooring in a mooring CONTROL area? … 1 per mooring only
What boats need to be registered = All vessels (except tenders) that can have power fitted
Where does the Rego sticker go = port side near registration number
Rules for Tender = <3.1m, < 5HP, (ship to shore only) must have parent vessel’s Rego on
A skipper can get a fine, Skipper’s Ticket can be suspended and cancelled.
To tow a skier, the driver must be at least 17 years of age and have a RST, or be supervised by an RST holder who is at least 18 and an observer must be on-board.
The observer on a ski boat must be at least 14 years.
Observer = sits backwards, watches skier and reports to skipper
A skier landing has right of way over a skier departing
The 50 meter rule still applies to skiers. So if you are towing a water skier, you must be at least 50 metres behind another skier.
JET SKI (PWC)
< 3.75m boat & jet ski cannot go further than 5NM
You cannot do free-styling and wake jumping on a PWC closer than 30 metres from another PWC and 50m from another vessel or person in the water. (8 knot rule distances also apply)
The minimum safety equipment needed on a PWC in protected waters or within 400 metres of the shore in unprotected waters is a type 50 or 50S lifejacket for each person on board.
Further than 400m from the shore in unprotected waters, up to 2nm you need to have type 100 or 150 lifejacket for each person on board plus inshore flares
So in summary;
In protected waters or within 400m in unprotected waters = type 50 jacket
In unprotected waters further than 400m from shore = type 100 plus inshore flares
A boat however is different, the moment you take a boat into unprotected waters, you need a Level 100 or higher lifejacket for each person on board.
If you are getting a bit confused about lifejackets, remember this.
Type 1 has a neck collar and will rotate you to face upwards
Type 2 and 3 are similar buoyancy, but don’t have collars
The night time signal for divers is a yellow orange flashing light in the water. So whether you see a day flag or a night orange yellow light, it means diver below, keep 50 meters clear, or if this is not possible, travel at the slowest possible speed and keep a good lookout for people in the water.
Sea and Swell are the names of waves created by different winds.
Swell comes from winds far away, and the swell travels long distances.
Sea is the local waves created by local winds.
Sea and Swell can join together to create occasional large waves.
On a weather map, you can work out wind strength by looking at
isobars. The more isobars there are and the closer they are means stronger winds.
CHART / TIDE
The depth numbers you see written on a chart are the depth at Lowest Low Tide.
So if the tide table says high tide is 1 meter this means the water will be 1 meter more than the depth number shown on the chart.
eg if the chart says 1m, tide is 1m that means total water depth is 2m.
When you are travelling with the waves following you, you will be going down the waves and there is a risk of the bow of the boat ‘diving’ so you need to trim the bow up a little.
When going into the waves, the waves can flick the bow up, so you usually trim the bow down a little.
RIGHT OF WAY
Power boats give way to sail
Approaching berth = down stream gives way, vessel going upstream can berth first
BUT when two motor boats approach the same jetty from the same direction the motor boat on the outside (B) must give way.
What is the rule about Starboard (right)? = look right, stay right, turn right, drive on the right, give way to the right
What are all the sound signals? 1 = I am going to Starboard, 2 = Port, 3 = astern, 5 or more = I don’t know what you are doing, get out of my way
MARKS / SIGNALS
Do you know ALL the Cardinal marks from the diagrams? NSWE Port and Starboard. Also do you know Isolated Danger and safe water mark, as well as special Mark.
LEADS – the REAR Lead is to be seen above and behind FRONT lead.
What do sectored lights tell you? = ALL sorts of things, check the chart. It could be shallow and deep and all sorts of things, they don’t just tell you the channel.
BOAT AND GEAR
Where should you store your Batteries = secured in a ventilated container
How often should you clean portable fuel tanks = Yearly
What is Basic floatation? = it prevents boat and max load from sinking
What are the lights for <12m underway = sidelights, all-round white masthead, stern light
White Anchor light must be on when Anchored = 1 all round and it must NOT be blocked and must be visible from at least 2 nautical miles
Safe water mark light = a rhythm that has a long period of white light (ie not short flashes).
eg occulting (more light than dark) or Isophase (equal light and dark) or long flash every 10 seconds.
Reduce corrosion on electrical system by keeping it clean, dry and spraying it with corrosion retardant.
Check if an outboard water pump impeller is working by looking for water coming out the tell-tale after it is started.
Who needs carry a bilge pump or bailer? = ALL vessels, always
Who needs to carry a fire ex,nguisher? = vessels with inboard motor
Safety gear in Protected waters eg RIVER = only bailer / bilge pump (+fire Ex if inboard)
Where do you always need to carry PFD? = in unprotected waters
How many PFD do you need? = PFD1 for each person
When must you carry an anchor? = Always in unprotected waters (ie outside a river)
What safety gear must you carry offshore, unprotected water;
1NM = bailer/pump, anchor, PFD1, inshore flares (2+2)
3NM = Bilge pump/bailer, Anchor, PFD1, inshore flares (2+2), EPIRB
> 5NM = Bilge pump/bailer, Anchor, PFD1, offshore flares (2+2+2), marine radio
When do you need to carry a Marine Radio? = >5NM offshore
What distress signals do you use;
Day = arms, smoke flare, mirror
Night = Red hand held flare
How far off an island before need to carry an EPIRB?
400 m from an island
What flares are best for daytime = orange smoke flares
During the day, you could see a red hand-held flare from 4 to 6km away, and at night 10 to 12km away.
What is the flat fluke Anchor type used mostly for sand = Danforth
You should lower your anchor by:
Letting it go while moving astern slowly.
Anchor line let out should be 5x the depth
Radio Emergency channels? = 27MHz = channel 88
VHF = channel 16
3 emergency radio calls. Distress or Urgency or Safety.
Distress call is “Mayday??? which can only be used when the boat is in REAL danger such as it is sinking or on fire.
Urgency, is “Pan-Pan” and is the call used for breakdown or when medical urgent help is needed.
Safety, can be a weather warning, or when you see a navigational hazard, such as a sea container. You use the word “Saycure-e-tay” to let people know it is not mayday and not urgent, but is a ‘security warning’ to vessels.
You need a License to operate a … VHF
How do we know a Fire Ex,nguisher is “Operational”? = Red / Green on gauge NOT the date
Most fire extinguishers are red, with a band.
The band tells you what is in it.
A white band means Dry Powder.
A blue band means Foam
What is hypothermia = major heat loss → lower core temperature
You do NOT need to tow someone. You only need to provide assistance unless you are unable to, or if
you are not needed (sea rescue coming), or if it is Too Dangerous
Why is it advised that you carry 50% extra fuel? = Weather may change
When must report boating accident? = only if serious injury death or vessel unseaworthy
Where is the latest weather report = BOM website
What do you do if you motor stops at sea = first Drop Anchor then consider options.
If you NEED assistance, when do you try to get help? = immediately – ASAP, don’t wait.
Who do you tell about marine Pollution = Dept of Transport
NO discharge of sewerage, even if treated in Zone 1 (marinas, yacht club, harbour, port. i.e. where you swim)